Aegina | Explore The First Capital of Greece

Aegina, a small island located very close to Athens, is one of the most traditional and picturesque islands of the Saronic Gulf.

The island has stunning ancient monuments and temples, like the Temple of Aphaia, the Temple of Apollo, God of Prophecies and Patron of the Arts and the Temple of Ellanios Zeus, The Supreme God.

The Temple of Aphaia

Temple of Aphaia on Aegina
George E. Koronaios, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Temple of Aphaia, built in the 5th century BC, is located in the north of the island, under pine trees overlooking the beautiful blue sea. The temple was dedicated to Athena, the goddess of wisdom. It is one of the best-preserved temples of ancient Greece and one of the most important ancient monuments and attractions on Aegina. The location of the temple is said to be one of the three points that form a “holy triangle”. Included in this sacred isosceles triangle are the Parthenon of Athens, the Temple of Poseidon, The Olympian God of The Sea at Cape Sounion and the Temple of Aphaia.

The Temple of Apollo Delphinius

Temple of Apollo in Delphi
Zde, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

The Temple of Apollo is one of the most important archaeological monuments of the island. It is located on the hill of Kolona, which was the ancient citadel of the island.

The temple was built in the 6th century BC. It had the shape of a rectangle, with 11 columns on the large side and 6 on the small side. Nowadays, unfortunately, only one column remains of the temple.

Temple of Ellanios Zeus

Temple of Zeus
Pan.stathopoulos, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons

Mount Hellanion, situated in the center of Aegina, is the highest mountain of the island. On the top of the mountain was the Temple of Zeus Ellanios (Zeus of all the Greeks).

The mythical king Aeacus of Aegina went to the temple asking Zeus to end the drought that was afflicting Greece. According to the ancient Greek philosopher Theophrastos, when a cloud settled on the temple of Zeus Hellanios, rain followed.

Featured Image Credit: Xocolatl, Public domain, via Wikimedia Commons

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Evangelia Hatzitsinidou is the creator and author of which has been merged with She has been writing about Greek Mythology for almost twenty years. A native to Greece, she teaches and lives just outside Athens.